What exactly is probate? It’s a legal process that takes place when someone dies, and it involves the distribution of their assets. While this may sound like a simple enough process, there are actually several different types of probate in Texas that you should be aware of if you are dealing with an estate or inheriting property.

In this article, we will discuss the various kinds of probate in Texas, as well as their respective advantages and disadvantages. We will also explain the basics of how to file for each type of probate, so you can make sure your loved one’s estate is properly handled.

What is Probate?

When a person dies, their assets must go through probate before they can be distributed to the beneficiaries. Probate is the legal process of estate administration. It includes proving the validity of the will, if there is one, and appointing an executor to carry out the deceased’s wishes. The executor is responsible for asset distribution, which can be a complex and time-consuming process.

The Different Types of Probate in Texas

In Texas, there are several different types of probate, each with its own set of rules and procedures.

Independent administration:

This is the most common type of probate in Texas. It allows the personal representative (also known as the executor) to handle the administration of the estate without the need for court supervision. This means that the personal representative has the authority to sell property, pay debts, and distribute assets to beneficiaries without the need for court approval.

If you are named as independent administrator in a Will, or if you are the spouse of the deceased and there is no Will, you have certain duties and responsibilities.

First, you must file a Petition for Probate with the court in the county where the deceased person resided. The court will then issue Letters Testamentary, which appoints you as independent administrator and gives you the authority to act on behalf of the estate.

Once you have been appointed, you must give notice to all interested parties, including creditors. You will also be responsible for locating and identifying all assets of the estate, paying debts and taxes, and distributing the remaining assets to the beneficiaries.

If there is no Will, Texas law requires that you distribute the estate according to certain rules of intestate succession. These rules may not always reflect what the deceased would have wanted, so it’s important to consult with an experienced probate attorney before taking any action.

Dependent administration:

This type of probate is similar to independent administration, but it requires the personal representative to obtain court approval for certain actions, such as selling property or paying debts.

If you are named as a dependent administrator in a Texas will, it means that you have been given the responsibility of managing the estate and carrying out the deceased’s wishes. This is a big responsibility, and one that should not be taken lightly. As a dependent administrator, you will be responsible for:

-Filing the necessary paperwork with the court

-Notifying all interested parties of the death

-Inventorying and appraising the estate assets

-Paying any debts and taxes owed by the estate

-Distributing the remaining assets to the beneficiaries

If you are named as a dependent administrator, it is important that you understand your duties and responsibilities. If you have any questions, you should speak to an experienced probate attorney who can help guide you through the process.

Muniment of title:

In Texas, a muniment of title is a type of probate that can be used when the decedent left behind a will that names an executor and there are no disputed claims against the estate. This is a simplified probate process that is available when the decedent’s estate consists only of personal property and/or real property that is not encumbered by a mortgage or lien. The court issues an order declaring that the will is valid, and the personal representative can use this order to transfer ownership of the property to the beneficiaries.

The executor files a sworn statement with the court that lists all of the assets in the estate and states that they are free of any encumbrances. Once this is filed, the court will issue an order admitting the will to probate and declaring the executor to be the legal representative of the estate. This type of probate is typically quicker and easier than other types because it does not require any hearings or appearances before the court.

Small estate affidavit:

The small estate affidavit process is available when the decedent’s estate is valued at less than $75,000 and does not include real property. The beneficiaries can file an affidavit with the court stating that the decedent did not owe any debts and that the estate assets can be distributed directly to the beneficiaries.

Affidavit of heirship:

In Texas, an Affidavit of Heirship is a sworn statement by one or more people who witnessed the deceased person’s signature on their will, or who know about the deceased person’s family history and can testify as to who the rightful heirs are. This document is filed with the court and becomes part of the probate record. This is a document that can be used to establish the heirs of a deceased person when there is no will. It is commonly used when the decedent owned real property and there is a need to transfer ownership to the heirs.

The purpose of an Affidavit of Heirship is to provide evidence to the court that the person named in the will as the executor is the rightful heir, and to help resolve any disputes over who should inherit the estate. It can also be used to establish title to property when there is no will.

If you are named in a will as an executor, or if you are interested in inheriting property from someone who has died without a will, you should contact an experienced probate attorney to discuss whether an Affidavit of Heirship is right for your situation.


In Texas, probate is generally handled by the county probate court where the decedent lived at the time of death. The probate process can be complex and time-consuming, so it is important to seek the guidance of an experienced attorney if you are involved in the administration of an estate in Texas.

We hope this article has been helpful in explaining the different types of probate that exist in Texas. Every situation is unique and it’s important to understand which type of probate will best suit your needs before proceeding with a probate case. If you have any questions or would like more information about the different types of probate available, please feel free to contact us for assistance.

Do you need an Experienced Probate Attorney to help?

When it comes to probate, there is no one-size-fits-all solution. The type of probate that is right for your situation will depend on a number of factors, including the size and complexity of the estate, the relationship between the heirs, and the state in which the deceased person lived.

If you are named as an executor in a will, or if you are an heir to an estate, you may be wondering if you need to hire an experienced probate attorney. The answer is not always clear cut. In some cases, hiring an attorney may be necessary to ensure that the probate process goes smoothly. In other cases, it may not be necessary.

If you are unsure whether or not you need to hire a probate attorney, you should consult with one to discuss your specific situation. Call us today for a FREE attorney consultation. (361) 502-4240

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